What is the difference between high blood sugar and diabetes?

What is the difference between high blood sugar and diabetes?

What is hyperglycemia?

The high blood sugar level is known as hyperglycemia scientifically. It occurs mainly in diabetic patients when there is too much sugar in the bloodstream.On the contrary the too low blood sugar level caused hypoglycemia.

Hyperglycemia  or High Blood Sugar doesn’t cause symptoms until glucose values come in a range of above 180 to 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 10 to 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L).

What causes hyperglycemia?

Several factors can cause hyperglycemia in people with diabetes, including food and physical activity choices, illness, non diabetes medications, or not taking enough glucose-lowering medication.

Its main symptoms include:

Early & Later signs of symptoms of hyperglycemia or high blood sugar level can help you treat the condition promptly.

Early signs and symptoms

  • Frequent urination
  • Feel a need to drink something
  • Blurred vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache

Later signs and symptoms

  • Fruity-smelling breath
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Problem in breathing
  • Dry mouth
  • Weakness
  • Confusion
  • Abdominal pain

How serious can hyperglycemia be?

If high blood diabetes happens occasionally and is controlled on the moment then it might not lead to any big issues.

In few causes Hyperglycemia can be serious if:

  • Blood glucose levels stay high for long periods of time – this can lead to the development of long term complications
  • Blood glucose levels rise dangerously high – this can lead to short term complications

How to deal with Hyperglycemia or High Blood Sugar?

The following suggestions can help keep your blood sugar within your target range:

  • Take your medication as prescribed by your doctor.
  • The adjustment in medication is necessary if you change the physical activities.
  • Monitor your blood sugar. It is necessary to check & record your blood sugar level several times in a day or week according to the treatment plan. It will help you to maintain high sugar levels within your target.
  • Follow your daily meal plan if you are taking insulin or medication for diabetes.

 What is Diabetes

Diabetes is a long-lasting health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. It impairs the body’s ability to process blood glucose from most of the food you eat is broken down into it, otherwise known as blood sugar.

Symptoms of Diabetes

General symptoms

The general symptoms of diabetes include:

  • increased hunger
  • increased thirst
  • weight loss
  • frequent urination
  • blurry vision
  • extreme fatigue
  • sores that don’t heal

Symptoms in men

It may be possible in men with diabetes, decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction (ED), and poor muscle strength.

Symptoms in women

It may be possible in Women with diabetes can have symptoms such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and dry, itchy skin.

Types of diabetes

There are three major diabetes types you should know: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational diabetes.

Type1-  It is also known as juvenile diabetes, this type occurs when the body fails to produce insulin. In the U.S approximately 5-10% of the people who have diabetes have type 1.

  • Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop quickly. It’s usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults. People with type I diabetes are insulin-dependent, which means they must take artificial insulin daily to stay alive.

Type2- The most common form of diabetes is called type 2 diabetes, or non-insulin dependent diabetes.It is also called Adult Onset Diabetes, since it develops after age 35.. About 89% of people with diabetes have type 2.

Gestational Diabetes:

This type diabetes generally happens in pregnant women & is usually a temporary state. It further might develop into type 2 diabetes however in  most of the cases high blood sugar levels eventually get back to normal.

Prediabetes: 

In this type of diabetes, people generally have higher blood levels than normal but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Generally people don’t know they have it. But it can raise your risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease & stroke.

What health problems can people with diabetes develop?

Over time, high blood glucose leads to problems such as

  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • kidney disease
  • eye problems
  • dental disease
  • nerve damage
  • foot problems

You can avoid the risks by lowering your chance of developing these diabetes related health issues.

How are diabetes and hyperglycemia connected?

High Blood Sugar or Hyperglycemia is a condition in which sugar levels spike in the blood in a person at some point of time in life. The blood sugar concentration also known as blood glucose level is the actual amount of glucose or sugar present in the blood. In case sugar levels in the blood go higher than normal range consistently then it might indicate the presence of a medical condition, like Diabetes. So to clear up your confusion regarding sugar numbers get a Diabetes Test done as soon as possible.

The bottom line

Diabetes & hyperglycemia can lead to serious medical complications, but you can avoid  the condition with proper medications and lifestyle changes. I hope this information will help you to avoid the most common diabetes & hyperglycemia complications with these helpful tips.

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